Aqueous extract of herb ash—diuretic in albino rats. EtOH (50%)— spasmolytic and hypotensive. The herb exhibits antthepatotoxic activity in dogs. Essential oil from whole plant—antibacterial.
The plant gave lupeol, stigmasterol and hydrocarbons; seed gave sterols; flowers, apigenin glucuronide.

Astragalus hamosus Linn. 71

Aqueous extract decreased fasting glucose and improved glucose tolerance in rats. (Sharon M. Herr.)
Dosage Whole plant—3—6 g, powder; dried seed—3—6 g powder; dried root—3—6 g for decoction. (API Vol. II.) Herb ash—1—3 g (CCRAS.)
Astragalus candolleanus Royle.
Fabaceae; Papilionaceae.
Habitat The western Himalayas.
Ayurvedic Rudanti, Rudravanti.
Action Depurative, bechic, blood purifier (used in skin diseases). Root powder and decoction also used as an adjunct in tuberculosis.
Dosage Fruit—3—5 g powder.
Astragalus gummifer Labill.
Fabaceae; Papilionaceae.
Habitat Highlands of Asia Minor, Iran, Greece, Syria and Russia.
English Tragacanth Gum. Unani Katiraa, Kataad (Gum) Action Demulcent, emollient (used
for irritation of the internal mucosa, colitis, dry coughs), laxative. Mucilage used as an application to burns.
The gum contains polysaccharides and proteinaceous p olysaccharides.

Tragacanthin is water-soluble, consisting of an arbinogalactan and tragacanthic acid. Bassorin is an insoluble methylated fraction (gel). The polysaccharides have been shown to have immunostimulating activity (stimulation ofphagocytosis and an increase in plasma cell counts of T-lymphocytes.
Although tragacanth increases weight of stool and decreases gastrointestinal transit time, it does not appear to affect cholesterol triglyceride or phospholipid levels as other soluble fibres do.
(Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.)
Tragacanth has been shown to be active against a variety of tumours. It appears to inhibit growth of cancer cells.
Astragalus hamosus Linn.
Fabaceae; Papilionaceae.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage