Habitat Central and Southern India.
Ayurvedic Lataa-Palaash (orange or orange scarlet-flowered var.).
Action Seeds—sedative and anthelmintic; decoction emollient and used topically for piles. Seed oil—anthelmintic and hypotensive. Seeds exhibit haemagglutinating activity against human ABO red

cells. Roots—hypotensive. Watery sap from stems is used for drinking purposes. Bark is used in tonics and elixirs.
White-flowered var. is equated with
Butea parvflora Roxb.
Buxus wallichiana Baill.
Synonym B. sempervirens Linn. Family Buxaceae.
Habitat The Western and Central Himalayas and Punjab.
English Himalayan Boxwood tree.
Chikri, Shamshaad. Paapari (Garhwal).
Action Wood—diaphoretic. Bark— febrifuge. Leaves—purgative, diaphoretic; used in rheumatism. Poisonous. Not a safe drug for “purifying blood”. Symptoms of poisoning are severe—abdominal pain, vomiting, convulsions and death.
The mixture of alkaloids is referred to as buxine. Buxenine-G is cytotoxic.
There is preliminary evidence that a specific Boxwood leaf extract (SVP 30) might delay disease progression in HIV-infected patients. The extract is available through internet sources or AIDS Buyers’ Clubs.
(Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.)


Synonym C. glauca Savi. Family Boraginaceae.
Habitat Native to Baluchistan. Available in Indian market as Gaozabaan.
Unani Gaozabaan. (According to National Form ulary of Unani Medicine, Borago officinalis Linn. and other species of Boraginaceae are used as Gaozabaan.)
Action Leaf—diuretic, antiinflammatory, demulcent; used for strangury, asthma and cough.
The stems and leaves gave sap ogenins—caccigenin, caccigenin lactone and 23 -deoxycaccigenin; rutin and a saponin derived from caccigenin. The leaves also gave a glucoside, caccinin. Caccinin and its aglucone caccinetin (which is the dimethylallyl ester of caffeic acid) is diuretic; saponins exhibit anti-inflammatory activity
Flowers contain pyrrolizidine alkaloid, the diester of retronecine. Benzoic acid has also been isolated from the flowers.
Cadaba fruticosa (L.) Druce.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage