Siddha/Tamil Thulvkka Saamanthi.
Action Flowers—anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, stimulant, antispasmodic, emmenagogue, antihaemorrhagic, styptic. Used in gastric and duodenal ulcers and dysmenorrhoea; externally for cuts, bruises, burns, scalds. Plant—antiprotozoal. Flower— antimicrobial. Essential oil— antibacterial.
Key application In inflammation of the oral and pharyngeal mucosa, internally and externally. Externally, on poorly healing wounds, ulcuscruris.
(German Commission E, WHO, ESCOP.) Anti-inflammatory, vulnerary. (The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)
The flowers contain triterpenes, sterols, flavonoids, carotenes, bitter glycosides, resins, volatile oil, mucilage (do not contain tannins). Polysaccharides from flowers exhibited immunostimulating and antitumour activity in several in vitro test systems.
An alcoholic extract has been shown to have antitrichomonal activity.
Wound healing and anti-inflammatory properties are attributed to Mn and carotene. An aqueous alcoholic extract of florets showed CNS inhibitory effect with marked sedative activity in experimental animals.
The extract of flower-heads exhibited estrogenic activity (reduces period pains and regulates menstrual bleeding).
Calephlone, the extract containing the total polyphenols of the inflores

112 Callicarpa macrophylla Vahi.

cence, has a marked cholagogic effect in rats and has been found helpful in the treatment of CC14-induced hepatitis. A hypocholesterolaemic saponin has been extracted from the plant.
Callicarpa macrophylla Vahi.
Synonym C. incana Roxb. Family Verbenaceae.
Habitat Sub-Himalayan tracts,
from Hazara eastwards to Assam, up to 1,500 m.
English Perfumed Cherry.
Ayurvedic Priyangu, Priyangukaa, Priyaka, Gandhphali, Gandhpriyangu, Phalini, Vanitaa, Kaantaa, Kaantaahvaa, Shyamaa, Anganaapriya.
Unani Habb-uI-Mihlb (Prunus mahaleb Linn., Rosaceae).
Siddha/Tamil Gnazhal, Chokkala. (Fruits of Aglaia roxburghiana Miq. are used as Priyangu.)
Action Leaves—applied hot in rheumatic pains. Smoked to relieve headache. Seed—paste used in stomatitis. Wood—paste used in mouth and tongue sores. Seeds and roots—employed as stomachic. Bark—used in rheumatism and diseases of genitourinary tract.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage