Maharashtra southwards, and in
Bihar and Orissa.

English b Wild Jasmine.

Folk Kaari.

Siddha/Tamil Karai, Kadan Karai, Nalla Karai, Kudiram.
Action Leaves and fruits— astringent, antispasmodic; used

against cough. A decoction of
the root and leaves is given in flu.
Bark—antidysenteric.
The plant contains mannitol (0.5%) and alkaloids. Canthium umbellatum Wight is also known as Kaari.

Capparis aphylla Roth.

Synonym C. decidua Edgew.

Family Capparidaceae.

Habitat Rajasthan, Punjab and Sindh; southward to Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
English Caper Berry.
Ayurvedic Karira, Krakar, Apatra, Granthila, Marubhoo-ruuha, Niguudhapatra, Karila.
Unani Kabar, Kabar-ul-Hind, Kabar-e-Hindi; Tenti.

Siddha/Tamil Chhengan.

Folk b Tenti.

Action Anti-inflammatory (used for enlarged cervical glands, sciatica, rheumatoid arthritis; externally on swellings, skin eruptions, ringworm). Fruits and seeds—used for urinary purulent discharges and dysentery. Flowers and seeds— antimicrobial. The fruit is used as a pickle.
The root bark contains spermidine alkaloids, used for inflammations, asthma and gout.
Activity of the seed volatiles against
vibro cholerae has been recorded.
Aqueous extract of the plant exhibits anthelmintic activity; seeds contain antibacterial principles—glucocapparin;

118 Capparis moonii Wight.

isothiocynate aglycone of glucocapparin.
The blanched fruits, when fed to rats at 10% dietary fibre level, showed a significant hypocholesterolaemic effect, which is attributed to its hemicellose content.
Pickled fruits are use for destroying intestinal worms.
Dosage Leaf, root—50—125 mg (CCRAS.)

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage