a hedge plant.
English Ceylon Caper. Ayurvedic Ahimsra (Himsraa
and Ahimsra are synonyms). Vyaaghranalthi.

Siddha/Tamil Aathondai.

Folk Kareruaa.

Action Root bark—sedative,
stomachic, anticholerin, diuretic
febrifuge. Leaves—applied as
poultice to piles, swellings, boils.
The plant contains a saponin and phydroxybenzoic, syringic, vanillic, ferulic and p-coumaric acids. The leaves contain beta-carotene. The leaves and seeds contain glucocapparin, alphaamyrin, n-triacontane and a fixed oil.
Aerial parts exhibited spasmolytic activity.
Capsella bursa-pastoris
(Linn.) Moench.
Cruciferae; Brassicaceae. Habitat Throughout India as
a weed in cultivated areas and waste
places, particularly in the temperate regions up to an altitude of 4,200 m.
English Shepherd’s Purse, St. James’s Wort.
Folk Mumiri.
Action The herb or its juice extracts are employed to check menorrhagia

and haemorrhages from renal and genitourinary tract. Also used in diarrhoea and dysentery and as
a diuretic.
Key application In symptom-based treatment of mild menorrhagia
and metrorrhagia.
(German Commission E.) The British Herbal
reported antihaemorrhagic action.
Aerial parts contain flavonoids, polypeptides, choline, acetylcholine, histamine and tyramine.
The extract of dried or green plant causes strong contraction of the small intestines and uterus of guinea pigs. A quarternary ammonium salt has been isolated from the herb which is reported to be responsible for its pharmacological activity.
Young leaves contain vitamin A (5,000 IU!100 g) and ascorbic acid (91 mg!l00 g); among other constituents are hesperidin and rutin, which reduced permeability of blood vessel walls in white mice. A

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage