neoplasm inhibitory substance has been identified as fumaric acid. An inhibitory effect of the extracts of the herb on Ehrlich solid tumour in mice was found to be due to the fumaric acid.
Major constituent of the essential oil is camphor.

Capsicum annuum Linn.

Family Solanaceae.

Habitat Native to the West Indies and tropical America; now cultivated throughout tropical regions of India.

120 Capsicum frutescens Linn.

English Chilli, Red Pepper.
Ayurvedic Raktamaricha, Lankaa, Katuviraa.
Unani Mirch, FilfiI-e-Ahmar, Filfl-e-Surkh, Surkh Mirch.
Siddha/Tamil Milagay.
Action Stimulant, accelerates
oxygenation of cells, encourages adrenal glands to produce corticosteroids, increases gastrointestinal secretion. Carminative, antispasmodic, antiseptic. Used externally for rheumatism, backache, lumbago, neuralgia, painful muscle spasm.
Red chilli contains capsaicin (0.1— 1.5%), carotenoids, flavonoids, volatile oil; steroidal saponins (capsicidins, only in seeds).
Capsaicin stimulates the circulation and alters temperature regulation; topically desensitizes nerve endings and acts as a local analgesic.
Capsaicin produces a protective effect in rat lung and liver by strengthening the pulmonary antioxidant enzyme defence system. Acute capsaicin treatment causes release of substance desensitization of the respiratory tract mucosa to a variety of lung irritants.
Red pepper or an equivalent amount of capsaicin, when fed along with cholesterol-containing diets to female albino rats, prevented significantly the rise of liver cholesterol levels.
Vitamin P has been isolated from the chillies. Vitamin C gradually increases during maturation and reaches maximum at the semi-ripe or pink coloured stage and decreases thereafter.

Capsaicin exhibited a hypoglycaemic effect in dogs; insulin release was increased. (Phytother Res, 2001, Aug 15(5), 391—4.)
Dosage Fruit—30—60 mg powder. (CCRAS.)

Capsicum frutescens Linn.

Family Solanaceae.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage