spermatorrhoea. A paste made of

equal parts of leaves and seeds is
given for jaundice. Pods are used in
dysentery.
Along with other therapeutic applications,
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India indicated the use of the seed in paralysis and hemiplegia as a supporting drug.
The leaves contain chrysophanol, aloe-emodin, rhein and emodin. Mature leaves possess purgative properties and are sometimes utilized to adulterate the true senna; also used as an antiperiodic and anthelmintic.
The leaf extract exhibited antifungal activity against the ringworm fungus Microsporon nanum.
Seeds contain anthraquinone glycosides, naptho-pyrone glycosides, cassiaside and rubrofusarin-6-beta-genti- obioside. These constituents showed significant hepatoprotective activity.
Thrachrysone, isolated from seeds, showed stronger antioxidant activity than tocopherol and BHA.
Chrysophanic acid-9-anthrone, extracted from the seed, was found to be active against ringworm fungi.
Dosage Seed—l—3 g powder. (API Vol. III.)

Cassytha filiformis Linn.

Family Lauraceae

Habitat Throughout the greater parts of India.
English Doddar-Laurel, Love-Vine.
Ayurvedic Amarvaili, Aakaashbel. (Cuscuta reflexa is also known as Amarvalli.)

Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don. 131

Siddha/Tamil Erumaikkottan.
Action Astringent, diuretic (given in dropsy and anasarca, also in biliousness, chronic dysentery, haemoptysis and for supressing lactation after still-birth); piscicidal and insecticidal (used as a hair-wash for killing vermin).
The plant contains aporphine alkabids.

calcium, phosphorus, thiamine, riboflavin and niacin; also tocopherols. Nuts, crushed with vinegar and barley flour, are used against indurations of breast. The extract of nuts exhibits possibility of its use as a platelet inhibitor in thrombosis and atherosclerosis. Leaves are inhibitors of pectinolytic enzymes.
American chestnut and European chestnut are equated with
Castanea dentata and C. sativa,respectively. Both are used for respiratory ailments.

Castanea sativa Mill.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage