of
seeds is given in gout, rheumatism, paralysis and for treating leprosy and other skin diseases. Leaves— antidysenteric, emmenagogue.
Root—a paste of root-bark is applied to swollen veins and pneumonic affections.
Key application As a tranquilizer (Indian Herbal Pharmacopoeia)
and brain tonic (The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India). The
Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India
indicated the use of ripe seed in leucoderma and vitiligo.
The seeds are reported to contain the alkaloids, celastrine and paniculatine, which are the active principles of the drug.
In experimental animals, the drug showed lowering of leptazol toxicity, motor activity and amphetamine toxicity, and raising the capacity for learning process. It showed significant CNS depressant effect and a clear synergism

Family Celastraceae.

Centaurea behen Linn. 135

with pentobarbital. The seed extract showed hypolipidaemic effect and prevented atherogenesis in rabbits.
The seed oil showed tranquillizing effect and hastened the process of learning in experimental animals. It produced fall in blood pressure in anaesthetized dog, depressed the heart of frog, and was found to be toxic to rats.
In addition to the seed, 70% alcoholic extract of the plant showed sedative, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic, anti-ulcerogenic effect in experimental animals.
Methanolic extract of flowers showed both analgesic and anti- inflammatory activities experimental ly. Dosage Ripe seed, devoid of capsule wall—1—2 g; oil—5—15 drops.
(API VoL II.)
Celosia argentea Linn.
Family
Amaranthaceae.
Habitat A common weed, occurring throughout India.
English b Wild Cock’s Comb.
Ayurvedic Shitivaaraka, Vitunna.
Siddha/Tamil Pannaikeerai.
Folk Shveta-murga, Sarvari, Sarvali, Surali.
Action Flowers—used in menorrhagia, blood-dysentery. Seeds— antidiarrhoeal, also used in stomatitis. Whole plant—antibacterial, antiscorbutic and cooling.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage