Ascaridole, an active constituent of the oil, is highly active against roundworms, hookworms and small, but not large, tap eworms. It is highly toxic and can cause serious side effects.
The oil has been found useful in amoebic dysentery and intestinal infections (should be used with caution).
Leaves contain kaempferol-7-rham- noside and ambroside.
A decoction of the herb is given as an internal haemostatic and the infusion as an enema for intestinal ulceration. The infusion is sudorific and diuretic.
The oil exhibits antimicrobial and strong antifungal activity against human pathogenic fungi.
Chenopodium botrys Linn. Family Chenopodiaceae.
Habitat The Himalaya, from Kashmir to Sikkim.
English Feather Geramium, Jerusalem-Oak.
Folk Jangaddi (Tibbet). Sahanik, Vaastuuka (Ladakh).
Action Stimulant, diuretic,
carminative, antispasmodic, emmenagogue, pectoral. Used in asthma, catarrh; diseases of the stomach and liver. Seeds are considered toxic.
The herb contains flavonoids (including chrysoeriol and quercetin), also several sesquiterpenoids. Betaine is found in all parts of the plant.
Fresh herb yields an essential oil; Indian oil is reported to be devoid of ascaridole, the anthelmintic principle.
Chioris gayana Kunth.
Family Poaceae, Gramineae.
Habitat Annual grass introduced into India from South Africa;
cultivated in tropical and subtropical
low-lying areas where rainfall is less
than 125 cm.
English Giant Rhodes, Rhodes- Grass.
Folk Rhoolsoohullu (Karnataka). Action A proteinaceous factor,
phytotrophin, isolated from the
grass, was found to have antigenic properties similar to those of animal sex hormones and human chorionic gonadotrophin.
A related species, Clitoris incompleta Roth., known as Bamnaa in Rajasthan and Mathania in Uttar Pradesh, has been equated with Ayurvedic classical herbs Manthaanak and Trnaaddhip. Another species,