Unani Jiraa Siyaah, Kamoonarmani.
Siddha/Tamil Shemai-shiragam, Pilappu-shiragam.
Action See C. carvi.
Carum carvi Linn.
Family Umbellferae; Apiaceae.
Habitat Native to Europe and
West Asia. Now cultivated in Bihar,
Orissa, Punjab, Bengal, Andhra
Pradesh, and in the hills of Kumaon,
Garhwal, Kashmir and Chamba.









Casearia tomentosa Roxb. 125

Also found wild in the North Himalayan regions.
English Caraway.
Ayurvedic Krishna jiraka, Jiraa, Kaaravi, Asita Jiraka, Kaashmirajiraka, Prithvikaa, Upakunchikaa, Sugandha Udgaar, Shodhana.
Unani Zeeraa Siyaah, Kamoon, Kamoon-roomi.
Siddha/Tamil Shimai-shembu, Semai Seearagam, Karamjiragam.
Action Carminative, antispasmodic, antimicrobial, expectorant, galactagogue, emmenagogue.
Key application Seed oil—in dyspeptic problems, such as mild, sapstic conditions of the gastrointestinal tract, bloating and fullness. (German Commission E, ESCOR The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.) The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommended the seed in chronic fevers.
The fruit contains a volatile oil consisting of carvone (40—60%) and limo- line with other constituents; flavonoids, mainly quercetin derivatives, polysac charides and a fixed oil; also calcium oxalate.
The antispasmodic and carminative effects have been confirmed experimentally. The caraway has

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage