Unani Tarbuz.

Siddha Poiychaviral, Tharbuzapalam (Tamil.
Action Pulp—cooling and refreshing, a rich source of pectin, carotenoids, surcose (as major sugar). Fruit juice is prescribed in

strangury and urinary complaints, also in hepatic congestion and
intestinal catarrh. Seeds—cooling, purgative, diuretic, demulcent (used in urinary infections). Leaves— febrifuge. The pericarp is given in diarrhoea.
Watermelon juice contains citrullin (0.17%) and arginine, which are thought to increase urea production in the liver, thus increasing the flow of urine.
The seeds possess a high lipase activity comparable to that of wheat germ, in addition to high lipoxygenase, urease and trypsin-inhibitor activities. Aqueous extract of the seeds also exhibit amylase inhibitor activity. The seed oil is used as a substitute for almond oil.
The roots of mature plant contain a triterpene, bryonolic acid. Bryonolic acid possesses a stronger antiallergic activitywith lesser side effects than that of glycyrrhetinic acid, the aglycone of glycyrrhizin, used clinically in Japan for the treatment of allergy and hepati tis.

Citrus aurantifolia
(Christm.) Swingle.

Synonym C. medica L. var. acida (Roxb.) Hook. f.
Family
Rutaceae.
Habitat Wild in the warm valleys of the outer Himalayas. Cultivated in the plains.
English Acid or Sour Lime, Country Lime.

Ayurvedic Nimbuka.

154 Citrus aurantium Linn.

Unani Limu Kaghzi.
Siddha/Tamil Elummichhai,
Thurinjippazham.
Folk Kaagazi Nimbu.
Action Antiscorbutic, stomachic, appetizer, refrigerant. Used in
bilious vomiting. Leaves—an infusion is given for fever in
jaundice, for sore throat, thrush.
Root—an infusion is given for colic and dysentery, also as febrifuge.
Limes are rich in vitamins, minerals and alkaline salts, but not in fruit sugars. Lime peel contains

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage