Ayurvedic Shleshmaataka, Shelu, Bahuvaara, Bahuvaaraka, Bhutvrkshak, Uddaalaka Shita, Picchila, Lisodaa.
Unani Sapistaan, Lasodaa. Siddha/Tamil Naruvii.
Action Fruit—astringent, demulcent, expectorant, diuretic, anthelmintic, mucilaginous. Used in the diseases of the chest and urinary passage. Bark—used in dyspepsia and fevers. Kernels— externally applied to ringworm. Leaf—decoction used in cough and cold.
The fruits contain Ca 55, P 275, Zn 2, Fe 6, Mn 2, Cr 0.2 and Cu 1.6 mg!100 g (Chromium is of therapeutic value in diabetes).
Antinutritional factors are—phytic acid 355, phytate phosphorus 100 and oxalic acid 250 mg!100 g.

The seeds contain alpha-amyrin and taxifolin-3, 5-dirhamnoside, which showed significant anti-inflammatory activity. EtOH (50%) of leaves and stems—antimicrobial; aerial parts— diuretic and hypothermic.

Cordia rothii Roem. & Schult.

Family Boraginaceae.

Habitat Rajasthan, Gujarat, Deccan and Karnataka.
English Sebestan (smaller var.)
Laghu-shleshmaataka, Lisodaa.
Siddha/Tamil Naruvili.
Action See C. myxa. Bark—astringent; decoction is used
as a gargle.

Cordia wallichii G. Don.

Synonym C. oblique Willd.

Family Boraginaceae.
Habitat Gujarat, North Kanara and Deccan.
English Sebestan (bigger var.). Ayurvedic Shleshmaataka
(bigger var.), Uddaalaka, Bahuvaaraka.
Siddha/Tamil Perunaruvii. Folk Gondi.
Action Fruit—astringent, demulcent, expectorant.
C. myxa.

174 Coriandrum sativum Linn.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage