Commiphora sp. (Burseraceae).

Refer to Balsamodendron sp.

Convolvulus pluricaulis Choisy. 169

Conium maculatum Linn.
Umbellferae; Apiaceae.
Habitat North temperate regions.
English Spotted Hemlock, Poison Hemlock.
Unani Khardmaanaa, Shuk.
Action Sedative, anodyne,
antispasmodic. Used for relief in whooping cough, asthma; paralysis; epilepsy. Antidote to strichnine poisoning and other poisons of the same class. Highly toxic. Mother tincture of Hemlock is used in homoeopathy for prevention of immature cataract.
All parts of the plant contain alkaloids—highest in aerial parts (1.77%) and lowest in stems. Gamma-coniceme is the principal alkaloid in the leaves, whereas N-methylconiine is the major
alkaloid in mature fruits. Beside the alkaloids, a flavone glycoside, diosmm and chlorogenic acid have been reported in the leaves and inflorescence. Ripe seeds yield coumarins, bergapten and xanthotoxin. Experimentally, the plant exhibited teratogenic properties. (Rarely used today.)
Berries are toxic at 10 g, leaves at 30 g and coniine at 150 mg. (Francis Brinker.)

Convolvulus arvensis Linn.

Family Convolvulaceae.

Habitat Throughout India, up to 3,000 m in the Himalayas.

Ayurvedic Bhadrabalaa, Hiranpadi.
Unani Lablaab.
Folk Hirankhuri, Haranpagaa.
Action Plant—cooling, anticonvulsant. Root—cathartic.
Plant extract—hypotensive in cats; raises coronary rate. Alkaloids—hypotensive, without vasodilation. EtOH extract—anticonvulsant in rats. Aqueous extract—exhibited muscarinic and micotinic activity.
The dried rhizome contains 4.9% resin. The cathartic action of the resinous substance is about one third of that ofjalap
(Ipomoeapurga Hayne) resin.
All parts of the plant contain betaMe-esculetin; aerial parts
n - alkanes, n-alkanols, alpha-amyrin and sterols; roots gave cuscohygrine.
Convolvulus pluricaulis Choisy.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage