Action A mixture of flavonoids, isolated from the leaves, has shown potent antiperoxidative and oxygen radical scavenging properties. It exhibits very low toxicity and can be used as an alternative to the toxic synthetic antioxidants used for the treatment of free radical-mediated injuries. See also C. avellana.
Himalayan Hazel, occurring in central and eastern Himalayas, locally known as Curri and Langura, is equated with Corylusferox Wall.
Coscinium fenestratum Colebr. Family Men ispermaceae. Habitat South India, particularly
in Western Ghats.
English False Calumba. Ayu rved ic Pitachandana, Pitasaara,
Harichandana, Kaaliyaka, Kalambaka.
Siddha/Tamil Maramanjal, Manjalkodi.
Folk Jharihaldi.
Action Root—stomachic, diuretic, hypotensive, antidysenteric, antibacterial, antifungal, bitter tonic in dyspepsia and debility.
The stems and roots of Kalambaka contain alkaloids including berberine

176 Costus speciosus (Koenig) Sm.

3.5—5% andjatorrhizine. Stems contain ceryl palmitic acid and oleic acid.
The plant is also used against fractures; for dressing wounds and ulcers and in cutaneous leishmaniasis.
The stems are used in South India as a substitute for Berberis (Daaruharidraa); also as an Indian substitute for True Calumba
(Jateorhiza palmata Miers).
Dosage Root—3—5 g powder;
decoction—50—100 ml.
(CCRAS.)
Costus speciosus (Koenig) Sm.
Family Zingiberaceae.
Habitat Assam, North Bengal,
Khasi and Jaintia Hills, sub
Himalayan tracts of Uttar Pradesh
and Himachal Pradesh and Western
Ghats.
English Canereed, Wild Ginger.
Ayurvedic Kebuka, Kembuka.
Siddha/Tamil Krrauvam, Malai Vasambu, Ven Kottam.
Folk Kebu.
Action Astringent, purgative, depurative, anti-inflammatory (used in gout, rheumatism; bronchitis,

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage