Root—vermifuge.
The aerial parts contain a macro- cyclic diterpene, cleomaldeic acid, and a bicyclic diterpene, cleomeolide. The seeds contain coumarino-lignans, cleomiscosin A,B,C and D. The leaf extract exhibited fungitoxicity against ringworm causing fungi with reported mycelian inhibitions.
The aqueous extract of seeds exhibited significant analgesic and local anaesthetic activities in mice and guinea pigs, respectively. It failed to protect rats against convulsions induced by picrotoxin, though it poten tiated the barbiturate sleeping time.
The purple var. of Hurhur is equated with
Cleome monophylla L. (Bihar, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu).
Clerodendrum indicum
(Linn.) Kuntze.
Synonym Clerodendron siphonanthus (R. Br.) C. B. Clarke.
Family Verbenaceae.
Habitat Cultivated as an ornamental throughout India, especially in
South and Eastern India.
English Turk’s Turban, Tube- Flower.
Ayurvedic Vaamana-haati (a substitute for Bhaarangi).

Action Root—used for asthma, cough, scrofulous affections. Leaf— vermifuge. Resin—antirheumatic. The plant is also used in fever, atrophy, emaciation of cachexia and consumption.
The leaves contain flavonoids—scutellarein (0.5%), hispidulin (0.1%) and their 7-0-glucuronides; also sterols. Flowers contain beta-sitosterol and tnterpenoids. The bark yields hexitol and sorbitol.
The flavone, pectolinarin and a diterpene, oncinotine, exhibit antifee - dant activity.
Clerodendrum inerme
(L.) Gaertn.
Family Verbenaceae.
Habitat Throughout India in tidal forests, wild all over coastal areas; planted in gardens in Tamil Nadu.
English Smooth Volkameria.
Ayurvedic Putigandhaa, Kundali, Vanajai.
Siddha/Tamil Peenaari, Sangankuppi.
Folk Lanjai.
Action Leaf—febrifuge, alterative. Used as a substitute for Swertia
chirayita
and quinine in remittent and intermittent fevers. The leaf juice is taken orally to relieve

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage