English Indian Sarsaparilla (black
var.).
Cucumis melo
Ayurvedic
Krishna Saarivaa, Linn. var. utilissimus Duth. & Fuller.
Jambupatraa Saarivaa, Karantaa,
Synonym C. utilissimus Roxb.
Shyamalataa, Shyaama, Gopi,
Gopavadhu, Kaalghatika. Family
Cucurbitaceae.
Siddha/Tamil Maattan-kodi, Habitat Cultivated in Punjab and
Paal-Kodi, Kattupala. Uttar Pradesh.
Folk Karantaa, Anantamuula English Snake Cucumber.
(Varanasi). Ayurvedic Ervaaru, Ervaaruka,
Urvaaru, Bahukanda, Karkati.
Action Blood-purifier, alterative.
Used for rickets in children.
Unani Kakari.
In combination with
Euphorbia Siddha/Tamil Kakkarikkay,
microphylla, the herb is used as Vellarikkai.
a galactagogue. A decoction of the
Action Seeds梒ooling, diuretic;
stem is used as a supporting drug used in painful micturition and
in paralysis; of the root bark in
suppression of urine.
rheumatism.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of
The major constituent of the root ex- India recommends the seed in dysuria
tract is germanicol docosanoate. The and lithiasis.
roots contains cryptanoside C. The
leaves gave cryptanoside A and B and Dosage Seed𦠮 g.
(API Vol. II.)
a cardenolide, cryptosin.
Dosage Root5-1O g (API Cucumis prophetarum Linn.
Vol. IV.); infusion50100 ml.
(CCRAS.) Synonym C. myriocarpus Naud.

182 Cucumis sativus Linn.

Family Cucurbitaceae.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb抯 Identification and Usage