Ayurvedic Indravaaruni (var.).
Siddha/Tamil Kattutumatti.
Folk Vishlumbha, Bhakuraa.
Action Pulp of fruit—drastic purgative. Decoction of roots— milder in purgative action. Seeds— cooling, astringent; useful in bilious disorders. The fruit is used as a substitute for Colocynth.
The fruits contain steroid and tnterpenoid compounds, cucurbitacin B and proteolytic enzymes. EtOH extract exhibits analgesic and anti- inflammatory activity; stimulates isolated uterus of guinea pigs.
Cucurbita maxima Duchesne.

Family Cucurbitaceae.

Cucurbita pepo Linn. 183

Habitat Cultivated throughout India.
English Red Gourd, Red Pumpkin.
Ayurvedic Peeta Kuushmaanda, Kuushmaandaka, Kuusmaandi,
Karkaaruka, Seetaaphal.
Unani Kaddu-e-Sheerin, Aqteen. Siddha/Tamil Parangikayi.
Action Fruit pulp—sedative, emollient and refrigerant; used as poultice, applied to burns, inflammations, boils, and burns. Seeds—diuretic, anthelmintic (for tapeworm). Because of their zinc content and antimitotic effect, seeds are used to arrest enlargement of prostate gland. Also used in cystitis and minor kidney dyfunction.
(Cucurbita maxima and C. pepo) seeds contain B vitamins, Vitamin A; minerals—calcium, iron, phosphorus, zinc; cucurbitacins; linonelic acid. An infusion of seeds (2—3 teaspoons) is taken as a diuretic and in hypertrophy of prostate.
Seeds of
C. maxima contain sterol glycosides and sterol fatty acid esters which showed antitumour activity in mice.
The leaves contain calcium 36.38; magnesium 38.80; iron 2.04; zinc 0.76; and copper 0.42 (mg!l00 g).
The seed oil contains sterols and tnterpenoids. The oil is used in migraine and neuralgia.
Cucurbita moschata
Duch. ex Poir.

Habitat Native to Central America. Cultivated in warmer climate than that required for C. maxima.

English Squash.

Ayurvedic Kumshmaanda.

Action Fruit—used in headache, bronchitis, asthma; as diuretic

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage