English Cumin.
Ayurvedic Shveta-jiraka, Ajaaji, Shukla-ajaaji. The three jirakas mentioned in the Ayurvedic texts
are: Jiraka, Krishna Jiraka
W. Koch.) and
(Carum carvi Linn.). Unani Safed Jeeraa, Kamun. Siddha/Tamil Cheerakam.
Action Carminative, antispasmodic (used in dyspepsia and diarrhoea), stimulant, diuretic, antibacterial, emmenagogue, galactagogue.
Cumin seeds contain up to 14.5% lipids. They are reported to contain 14

flavonoid glycosides; 7 belong to apigenin, 5 to luteolin and 2 to chrysoeriol group. Major constituents of the essential oil include cuminaldehyde (20— 40% of the oil) and p-cymene.
EtOH (50%) extract of the fruit exhibits spasmolytic and hypotensive activity.
Cumin is considered superior is comforting carminative qualities to Fennel or Caraway. Due to its disagreeable flavour it has been replaced by Caraway in European herbal medicine.
Cumin oil and cuminaldehyde have been reported to exhibit strong larvicidal and antibacterial activity.
Fine grinding of the seed can cause loss of 50% of volatile oil, most within one hour.
(Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.)
Dosage Fruit—1—3 g powder. (API Vol. I.)
Cupressus sempervirens Linn.
Habitat Native to Asia Minor, Syria and North Persia. The tree is a variety only known in the
cultivated state in North-West India. (Chopra RN.)
English Mediterranean Cypress.

Ayurvedic Suraahva.

Unani Saro.

Siddha/Tamil Suram, Churam.
Tincture—vasoconstrictor, antiseptic, sedative, antispasmodic, diuretic. Used for cough, cold, bronchitis, varicose veins, piles,

Curcuma amada Roxb. 185

menopausal cramps, leg-cramps.
Essential oil—used only externally. Used in aromatherapy for massage (10 drops in 2 teaspoonful of almond oil).
The essential oil from the plant gave 73 compounds; major compound was alpha-pinene (47.00—

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage