mice liver.
The ethanolic extract exhibits direct relaxant action on cardiac and smooth muscle preparation and this action may be responsible for its hypotensive

Delonix regia Rafin. 205

action. (Gently heated peeled roots, mixed with sugar candy, are given as a hypotensive drug.)
The ethanolic extract of seeds exhibited diuretic effect in dogs.
The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia
recommends Daucus carota Linn. (wild carrot) for its diuretic activity. Wild carrot contains flavones including apigenin, chypsin, luteolin; flavonols including kaempferol, quercetin and various glycosides. The furanocoumarins, 8-methoxypsoralen and 5-methoxypsoralen are found in the plant. The seed oil contains terpinen4-ol, a renal irritant. It is believed to cause diuretic activity.
Decalepis hamiltonii
Wight & Am.
Family Asclepiadaceae.
Habitat Deccan Peninsula;
common in the forest areas of Western Ghats.
Unani Desi Ushbaa.
Siddha/Tamil Mahali kizhangu. Action Root—appetizer, blood
purifier, bacteriostatic. Used as a substitute for Shveta Saarivaa
(Hemidesmus indicus). Sold as Saarivaa in Kerala, Tamil Nadu
and Karnataka. The root powder is
given to diabetics.
The root contains quercetin, kaempferol, coumarin and rutin. It has
a sweet sarsaparilla-like taste; contains
92% fleshy matter and 8% woody core. The root can be stored for longer
periods and remains unaffected by mi croorganism

and insects, apparently due to the presence of the volatile principle which possesses bacteriostatic and toxic properties.
The root, on steam distillation, gave 4-0-methyl-resorcylaldehyde in a concentration of 0.8%. (The growth of
E. coli was arrested by the aldehyde in 0.041% concentration; fish died within
4 mm in 0.02% solution.) The sterols consists mainly of stagma and brassica sterols. Alpha-amyrin and lupeol, both free and as esters are also present in the root.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage