enhanced concentrations of biogenic amines from nerve terminals of the brain which suppress the appetite centre. Presence of eudalne group of sesquiterpenic compounds of sesquiterpene alcohol, isocyperol is said to play an important role in lipid metabolism.
An alcoholic extract of the plant exhibits liver-protective activity against CCL4-induced liver damage in mice.
Methanolic extract of the plant stimulates the production of melanin in cultured melanocytes. (Plant extract is used in preparations used for pigmentation of skin and hair, also in suntan gels.)
Aqueous-alcoholic extract of the tuber exhibited hypotensive, diuretic, antipyretic and analgesic activities. These are attributed to a triterpenoid.
The essential oil (0.5—0.9%) from the tubers contains mainly sesquiterpenes.
C. platystilis Br. is equated with Kaivarta-mustaka.
Dosage Rhizome—3—6 g powder; 20—30 ml decoction. (API Vol. III.)

Cyperus scariosus R.Br.

Family Cyperaceae.

Habitat Damp situations in Uttar Pradesh and eastern and southern parts of India.
English Nut grass.
Ayurvedic Bhadramustaa, Musta, Amoda, Naagaramustaka. (Naagara

196 Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link.

is a different drug, equated with
Zingiber officinale Rosc.)
Siddha Korai-kilangu (Tamil).
Folk Naagara-mothaa.
Action Essential oil—hypotensive,
anti-inflammatory, CNS stimulant,
antimicrobial. Rhizome—stom achic cordial, antidiarrhoeal and
diuretic.

See C. rotundus.

Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link.

Synonym Sarothamnus scoparius (L.) Koch.
Family Papilionaceae, Fabaceae.
Habitat Mild climatic regions of south and central Europe, north Africa and West Asia. C. scoparius is fairly common in and around Oatacmund (Nilgiris) and is found wild as a garden escape. It grows also

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage