carrageenan-induced hind paw oedema of male albino rats.
A quinone, sissoidenone and dalbergion, latifolin and dalbergin have been isolated from the heartwood; also oleanolic acid, liquiritigenin and isoliquiritigenin. The sapwood and young leaves gave sissotrin. Biochanin A, isolated from young leaves, inhibited both serum and epidermal growth factor (EGF)—stimulated growth of human prostate cancer cell lines.
Dalbergia sissoo Roxb ex DC.

Family Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.

Daphne oleoides Schreb. 201

Habitat The sub-Himalayan tract, up to 1,200 m from Indus to Assam and in plains throughout India.
English Sissoo, South Indian Redwood, Sissoo.
Ayurvedic Shimshapaa, Krishnashimshapaa, Picchilaa.

Unani Seesham.

Siddha/Tamil Irupoolai.

Action Leaves—bitter, and
stimulant. Leaf mucilage, mixed with sweet oil, is applied to
excoriations. Wood—anthelmintic, alterative, emetic, stomachic, antileprotic; used in diseases due to vitiated blood. Bark—anticholerin. Root—astringent.
Along with other therapeutic applications,
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India indicated the use of the heart- wood in turbity of the urine, calculus and lipuria.
The leaves gave isoflavone sissotrin; flowers 7,4’-di-Me-tectorigenin. Seed oil (4.1%) contained fatty acids composed ofpalmitic (16.2), stearic (7.0%), oleic (14.6), linolenic (9.80) and linoleic (52.5) acids and lipids comprising neutral lipids (88.5), glycolipids (7.2) and phospholipids (4.0%). Pods contain 2% tannins.
Dosage Heartwood—1.5—10 g powder; 10—20 g for decoction. (API Vol. III.)
Dalbergia sympathetica
Nimmo ex Grah.
Synonym D. multiflora Heyne ex Pram.

Family Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.
Habitat Common in Maharashtra and Karnataka.
Folk Tibali (Goa), Pentagul (Maharashtra).
Action Bark—used as a paste for pimples. Leaf—alterative. Aerial part—spasmolytic, CNS active, hypothermic.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage