Dalbergia volubilis Roxb.
Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.
Habitat Central and Eastern Himalayas, Uttar Pradesh and Orissa.

Ayurvedic Gorakhi. Siddha/Tamil Punali.

Folk Bankharaa, Bhatiaa.

Action Leaves—used in aphthae. Root—genitourinary tract disinfectant; used in scalding of urine, also in foetid discharges.
The stem bark afforded isoflavonoids, dalbergio, tectorigenin. The leaves gave flavonoid glycosides. The wood gave friedelin.
Daphne oleoides Schreb.
Habitat The Western Himalayas and Kashmir at 1,000—3,000 m.
English Mezereon.


Folk Kutilal, Kanthan (Punjab).

202 Datisca cannabina Linn.

Action Active principles are attracting scientific interest. The orthoesters are co-carcinogenic and mezerein antileukaemic in
D)experimental studies. Bark— used as an ointment for inducing
discharge from indolent ulcers. Bark, root and root bark—used mainly for obstinate cutaneous diseases, especially for eczema with severe itching and copious exudation (weeping eczema).
As the plant is poisonous, it is used in homoeopathic dilutions internally and topically.
The bark gave diterpenes including mezerein, daphnetoxin (0.02%). Mezerein is anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic. Daphnetoxin is poisonous. Seeds contain daphnane ester (0.1%) and daphnetoxin (0.02%).
EtOH extract showed significant activity against P-388 lymphocytic leukemia and L-1210 leukemia in mice, due to mezerein.

Datisca cannabina Linn.

Family Datiscaceae.

Habitat Temperate and subtropical Himalaya from Kashmir to Nepal at
300—1,800 m.
English False Hemp.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage