Siddha/Tamil Pulladi, Sirupulladi Moovilai (root).
Folk Sarivan.
Action Root—antipyretic, diuretic, astringent (used in irritable bowel syndrome, diarrhoea and dysentery), anticatarrhal (used in post-natal care, chronic fever, cough, biliousness, vomiting), diuretic, anthelmintic, laxative and nervine tonic. Desmodium spp.:

Roots—carminative, mildly purgative, stomachic, emmenagogue, diuretic. Leaves—galactagogue; a poultice of leaves is used for lumbago. Bark—used in diarrhoea and haemorrhages.
Roots afforded pterocarpanoids— gangetin, gangetinin, desmodin and several alkaloids. The aerial portion gave indole-3-alkylamines and their derivatives.
Gangetin showed significant anti- inflammatory activity in 50 and 100 mg/kg p.o. in rats.
Dosage Root—5—10 g powder; 10— 20 g for decoction.
(API Vol. III.)
Desmodium triflorum
(Linn.) DC.
Synonym
Hedysarum trflorum Linn.
Family
Fabaceae.
Habitat Throughout India, in the plains ascending to 1,200 m in Kumaon and 1,800 m in Kashmir.
Ayurvedic Tripaadi, Hamsapaadi (Kerala).
Siddha/TamiI Seruppadi. Folk Jangali Methi, Ran-methi.
Action Fresh leaves—used
internally as galactagogue and for diarrhoea; applied externally to wounds and abscesses. Root— diuretic. Also used for cough, asthma.
The leaf contains alkaloids (0.01— 0.15%), major being beta-phenylethyl LD)

Dicentra canadensis Waip. 211

amine; also contains tyramine and hypaphorine. Hypaphorine is present in roots as well. Root contains 0.010.02% alkaloids.
Desmostachya bipinnata Stapf.
Synonym Eragrostis cynosuroides Beauv.
Family
Gramineae; Poaceae.
Habitat Throughout the plains of India in dry and hot areas and in sandy deserts.
English Sacrificial Grass (smaller var.)
Ayurvedic ø Kusha, Suuchyagra, Yagyabhuushana, Kshurapatra.
Siddha/Tamil Tharubai.
Action
Root—cooling, diuretic, galactagogue, astringent. Used for urinary calculi, and other diseases of

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage