than 300 m and in the north-western plains.
Ayurvedic Bhuutikaa, Laamajjaka, Laamajja. (Subs. Vetiveria
(L.) Nash.)
Unani Izkhar.

Siddha/Tamil Vilaamichhan.




Cymbopogon jwarancusa (Jones) Schult. 191

externally for scalds, ulcers and
The seed kernel contains the glycoside amygdalin, tannin, mucilage (about 22%), ash (1.3%) and fatty oil (14—19%).
In Greece, a tea prepared by boiling dry seeds in water is given in cystitis. The major water-soluble polysaccharide in the mucilage of seeds contains a high proportion of glucuronic acid residues.
The fruit contains pectin (yield 0.53% fresh weight) and is similar to that of apple. lonone glycosides, along with octadienoic acid and its diol, have been isolated from the fruit.
Fruit juice contains thiamine, riboflavin, nicotinic acid, vitamin B6, inositol, pantothenic acid, folic acid and biotin.
The essential oil also gave a number of ionone-related compounds. The buds contain a cyanogenetic glycoside. The bark and shoots yield hydrocyanic acid on distifiation.
Cymbopogon citratus
Synonym Andropogon citratus DC. Family Poaceae.
Habitat Grown in Punjab, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Karnataka.
English Lemongrass.
Ayurvedic Bhuutika, Bhuutikaa.
Action Leaf—stimulant, sudorific, antiperiodic, anticatarrhal. Essential oil—carminative, anticholerin,

depressant, analgesic, antipyretic,
antibacterial, antifungal.
The lemongrass contains a volatile oil, with citral (about 70%), citronellal, geraniol and myrcene as its

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage