Siddha/Tamil Karupali, Irukolli.
Action Leaves, fruits and stones of fruits are given in colds and
fevers, also in rheumatic affections. Rosaries, made of hard stones of the fruit, are placed around the necks
of children to protect them from diseases.
The seedkernelyield 0.5% of a sharp- smelling essential oil of the mustard oil type. The oil contains isopropyl and 2-butyl isothiocyanates as the main constituents and 2-methyl-butyl isothiocyanate as minor component. An additional glucoside, glucocleomin, has been found in the seed kernels. A glucosidic pattern similar to that in the seeds is reported in the shoots and roots.

The fruit pulp contains a large proportion of mannitol and small quantities of a sap onin glucoside and alkaloid. The alkaloid is also present in a small quantity in the stones of the fruit.
Dosage Seed, leaf, bark𦠮 g powder. (CCRAS.)
Duranta plumieri Jacq.
Synonym Duranta repens Linn. Family Verbenaceae.
Habitat Cultivated as a hedge plant.

Folk Durantaa.

Action Antifungal (topically).

The leaves contain a sap onin and fruits an alkaloid analogous to narcotine. Macerated fruits, which even in dilutions of 1: 100 parts of water, is lethal to mosquito larvae (the action is less marked on Culicine larvae.
Durio zibethinus Linn.
Born bacaceae.
Habitat Native to Malaysia;
cultivated in South India for its
edible fruit, in lower elevations of the Nilgiris and some parts of the West Coast.

English Durian, Civet Fruit.

Folk Durio

Action Fruit梤educes lethality of alcohol. Leaves and roots梪sed in a prescriptions for fever. Leaves used in medicinal bath during fever. Fruit-walls梪sed externally for

228 Dysoxylum binectariferum Hook.

skin diseases. Ashes of the skin given after childbirth.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb抯 Identification and Usage