Family Momosaceae.
Habitat Eastern Himalayas, hills of Bihar, Orissa and South India.
English Garbee Bean, Mackay Bean, Elephant Creeper.
Ayurvedic Gil.
Siddha/Tamil Chillu, Vattavalli.
Folk Gil-gaachh.
Action Seed—carminative, anodyne, spasmolytic bechic, anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic, antiperiodic. Used in liver complaints, glandular swellings, debility, skin diseases. The seed, stems and bark are poisonous. A paste of the seeds is applied locally for inflammatory glandular swellings. The juice of wood and bark is used as an external application for ulcers. The leaves are reported to be free from the toxic sap onins. After soaking in water and roasting toxic principles can be removed from the white kernels of the seeds.
The seeds gave sap onins ofentagenic acid; a triterpenoid glucoside entanin; beta-sitosterol, alpha-amyrin, quercetin, gailic acid, cyamidin chloride, lupeol and a sap onin mixture which gave prosapogenin A. Entanin exhibits antitumour activity. It inhibits Walker 256 tumours in rats without deaths.
Entadamide A (the sulphur-containing amide from the seed) is a 5-lipo-

Equisetum arvense Linn. 241

xygenase inhibitor and is found to be effective in the treatment of bronchial asthma. The bark is used for hair wash.
Entagenic acid, a sapogenin of entada saponin IV, imparts antifungal activity to the bark.
Ephedra gerardiana
Wall. ex Stapf.
Family Ephedraceae.
Habitat The drier regions of the temperate and alpine Himalayas from Kashmir to Sikkim from 2,350 to 5,350 m.
English Ephedra
(Ephedra sinica Stapf.)
Ayurvedic Soma, Soma-valli (substitute).
Folk Asmaaniyaa, Budaagur (Punjab); Tipat, Traani (Himalayan region).
Action Circulatory stimulant, bronchodilator, vasodilator, antiallergic, antiasthmatic (usualy given with expectorants), diaphoretic. Not prescribed with antidepressants.
Key application Ephedra sin ica— in diseases of the respiratory tract and mild bronchospasms. Also in

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage