Action Seeds—febrifuge, stomachic, antispasmodic, antifungal.
Key application As expectorant.
(The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)
Lablab pods contain protein 4.5, carbohydrates 10.0, calcium 0.05%; vitamin C (7.33 to 10.26 mg/bOg in cooked samples; 0.77—1.12 mg/100 g in uncooked samples) increases on cooking. Enzyme liberation of essential amino acids from protein is slower than from casein and wheat.
Callus tissue
of Dolichos lablab Linn. (Horsebean) showed presence of betasitosterol, stigmasterol, lanosterol and cholesterol. The isolated flavonoids show antifungal activity (the maximum amount of flavonoids was found in the flowers). The plant contains the alkaloid, trigoneiline, which exhibits hypoglycaemic activity. The maximum alkaloid was found in the seeds (0.14 mg/g dry weight). In tissue cultures raised from seedlings, the maximum amount was present in the tissue at the age of 6 weeks (0.068 mg/g dry weight).
Dorema ammoniacum D. Don.

Habitat Persia, South-West Asia, Southern Siberia.
English Ammoniacum, Gum ammoniac.
Ayurvedic Uushaka, Ushaka.
Unani Ushaq, Ushah, Kandal.
Action Gum-resin—antispasmodic, expectorant, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, used in cough, asthma, bronchitis and catarrh, especially when the secretion is tough and viscid. Also used in enlargement of liver and spleen.
Gum-resin from the flowering and fruiting stems contain resin (60—70%), consisting mainly of amino-resinol; gum; volatile oil, about 0.5%, containing ferulene as major component; free salicylic acid; coumarins (umbelliferone is absent).
Ammoniacum is similar to asafoetida in medicinal properties.
Doronicum hookeri Hook. f.
Compositae; Asteraceae.
Habitat The Himalayas at Lachen and Tungu, and Sikkim.
English Leopard’s Bane. (Arnica montana Linn. is also known as Leopard’s Bane.)
Unani Daarunaj Aqrabi.
Action Root—used as a constituent of cardiac and nervine tonics. Used as exhilarant. Acts as a stomachic and dissolves trapped gases.


Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage