exerting perma nent blood sugar lowering effect.
The ethanolic extract of seeds also showed hypoglycaemic activity.
Lignin, the main fiber constituent of the fruit, prevented the rise in serum cholesterol levels of some extent. Fresh whole fruits, used as a source of dietary fibre, exhibited more hypocholesterolemic activity than pure cellulose.
Dosage Bark—20—30 g for decoction. (API Vol. I.)

Flacourita indica (Burm. f.) Merr. 269

Ficus religiosa Linn.
Family
Moraceae.
Habitat Sub-Himalayan tracts, West Bengal, Central and South
India; planted throughout India as
an avenue tree.
English Peepal, Bot-tree.
Ayurvedic Ashvattha, Bodhidru, Bodhivrkisha, Sebya, Chalapatra, Gajabhaksha, Kshiradruma, Peeppal.
Unani Peepal.
Siddha/Tamil Arasu, Ashvatham.
Action Bark—astringent, antiseptic, alterative, laxative, haemostatic, vaginal disinfectant (used in diabetes, diarrhoea, leucorrhoea, menorrhagia, nervous disorders; also in skin diseases.) Applied externally on unhealthy ulcers and wounds. Leaves and twigs— laxative.
The bark contains beta-sitosteryl-Dglucoside. Vitamin K, n-octacosanol, methyl oleanolate, lanosterol, stigmasterol, lupen-3-one are reported from the stem bark.
A hypoglycaemic response is reported for beta-sitosterol-D-glucoside obtained from the bark.
Aerial roots are given to women, also used in prescriptions, for inducing conception. The dried fruits are used as a uterine tonic.
The fruits contain 4.9% protein having the essential amino acids, isoleucine and phenylalanine. The chloroform extract of fruits exhibited anti- tumour and antibacterial activities in bioassays.

Various plant parts are included in formulations used for menorrhagia, metrorrhagia, blood dysentery, bleeding piles, haematuria and haemorrhages.
Dosage Bark, fruit—50—100 ml decoction.
(CCRAS.)
Ficus talbotii G. King.
Family Moraceae.
Habitat Peninsular India.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage