268 Ficus racemosa Linn.

Habitat North-western India and Rajasthan, from Kashmir eastward to Nepal, ascending to 1,000 m.
English Indian Fig.
Ayurvedic Phalgu, Anjiri.
Siddha Manjimedi (Telugu). Action Fruit—demulcent and
laxative. Latex is applied on
pimples. Ripe fruits—hypotensive.
Leaves gave bergapten and betasitosterol.

Ficus racemosa Linn.

Synonym F glomerata Roxb.

Family Moraceae.

Habitat Throughout India. Grows wild in forests and hills. Often found around subterranean water streams.
English Cluster Fig, Country Fig.
Ayurvedic Udumbara, Sadaaphala, Hema- daudhaka, Jantuphala, Yagyaanga.
Unani Anjir-e-Aadam, Anjir-eAhmak, Gular.
Siddha/Tamil Atthi.
Action Astringent and antiseptic; used in threatened abortions, menorrhagia, leucorrhoea, urinary disorders, skin diseases, swellings, boils, haemorrhages. Unripe fruits—astringent, carminative, digestive, stomachic; used in diarrhoea, dyspepsia, dysentery, menorrhagia and haemorrhages. Ripe fruits—antiemetic, also

used in haemoptysis. Root and fruit—hypoglycaemic. Bark— decoction is used in skin diseases, inflammations, boils and ulcers.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends the use of the bark in lipid disorders and obesity.
Leaves and fruit contain gluacol. The fruit also contains beta-sitosterol, lupeol acetate, friedelin, higher hydrocarbons and other phytosterols.
Petroleum ether extract of the stem bark significantly reduced blood sugar level of rats with streptozotocininduced diabetes. It completely inhibited glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase from rat liver. Extracts of fruit and latex did not show any significant effect on blood sugar level of diabetic rats, they inhibited only glucose-6- phosphate but not arginase from rat liver.
An alcoholic extract of the bark has been found to be very effective in reducing blood sugar in alloxan-induced diabetic albino rats. It helped in improving the damaged beta cells of islets of Langerhans, thus

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage