Ocean, North Pacific Coast of
America; as a weed; found in Indian
Ocean on the Manora Rocks. Allied
species—F
distichus Linn., and F

274 Fumaria officinalis Linn.

nodosus Linn. (Included in Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants, CSIR, also in its second supplement.) F nodosus is found in India along sea shores.
English Bladderwrack, Black Tang, Rockweed, Kelp.
Action Weed—one of the richest source of minerals, chiefly iodine, sodium, manganese, sulphur, silicon, zinc and copper. Effective against obesity, antirheumatic. Stimulates circulation of lymph. Endocrine gland stimulant. Allays onset of arteriosclerosis by maintaining elasticity of walls of blood vessels. Mild diuretic, bulk, laxative, antibiotic. High sodium content may reduce effectiveness of diuretics.
(The herb contains trace metal, particularly iodine from 0.03—1.0%. It may contain waste metals such as cadmium and strontium, when grown in a polluted environment. Variable iodine content and arsenic contamination make the herb unsafe.)
The herb should be used with cau tion in hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Excess thyroid activity may be aggravated by the iodine content of the herb; it may disrupt thyroid function. One gram of Bladderwrack might contain as much as 600 mcg iodine (Ingesting more than 150 mcg iodine per day may cause hyperthyroidism or exacerbate existing hyperthyroidism.)
(Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.)
Due to the antithrombin effects of its fucan polysaccharides, consumption of

the herb in cases of G1 bleeding disorders is contraindicated.
(Included among unapproved herbs by
German Commission E.)
Fumaria off icinalis Linn. Family Fumariaceae.
Habitat Native to Europe and North America. Found at high altitudes in Nilgiris and Salem (Tamil Nadu).
English Fumitory.
Ayurvedic Parpata (related species).
Unani Shaahtaraa.
Action Antispasmodic and
amphicholeretic. Stimulant to liver and gall bladder; used for eczema and other skin diseases. Also

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage