Ayurvedic Parpata.
Unani Shaahtaraa.
Folk Pittapaaparaa.
Action The plant is used as
a substitute for
Fumaria parvflora.
A decoction of the herb is used for blood purification and in skin diseases, especially psoriasis.
Methanolic extract of the plant exhibits antimicrobial activity against
Sarcina subflava.
The herb contains several isoquinoline alkaloids which are common to Fumaria officinalis and Fumaria parvflora.
Protopine showed smooth muscle relaxant activity in guinea-pigs, rabbits and albino rats and hydrocholeretic activity in anaesthetized dogs. L-tetrahydrocoptisine showed antipsychotic (neuroleptic) activity in albino rats and mice. Narceimine, narlumidine, adlumidine and protopine nitrate exhibit anti-inflammatory activity.
Alkaloids, narlumidine and protopine, exhibit significant antifungal activity.

Family Rubiaceae.
Habitat The Temperate Himalayas.
English Goosegrass, Clivers, Cleavers, Catch Weed.
Action Choleretic, stomachic, diuretic, refrigerant, lymphatic, alterative, antiscorbutic, detoxifier; non-steroidal anti-inflammatory used for enlarged lymph nodes, especially cervical neck nodes, cystic and nodular changes in the glands, modular goitre. Used as a cleansing drink for malignant conditions and skin disorders, including psoriasis.
Key application As diuretic.
(The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)
The plant contains iridoid monoterpenes (asperuloside), benzyl isoquinoline alkaloids (including protopine), beta-carbolin alkaloids (including harmine), quinazoline alkaloids and flavonoids (such as luteolin). Methanolic extract of the plant contains chlorogenic acid, scopoletin and rutin. The plant is reported to contain several sterols. The root contains anthraquinones.
Asperuloside can be chemically converted to prostanoid intermediates.
Galium verum Linn.

Habitat Kashmir, Lahul and other west Himalayan regions, at altitude of 2,000—3,000 m
English Lady’s Bedstraw, Cheese Rennet.
Action Herb—diuretic, used for kidney stone, gravel, gout. Used
topically for poorly healing wounds.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage