Acacia chundra Wild. Synonym A. sundra DC.
Family Mimosaceae.

 

 

English Name : Red Cutch.
Ayurvedic Name : Khadira (related sp.).
Siddha/Tamil Name : Katthakkaambu (heartwood extract).
Folk Laal Khair.


Morphology


Trees; to 8 m high; bark rusty brown; rough, peeling off in thin flakes; branchlets smooth, glabrous, pale purplish-brown. Leaves bipinnate, alternate, stipulate; stipular spines short, hooked to 8 mm; rachis 8-10 cm long, slender, grooved above, pulvinate, glabrous; pinnae 10-15 pairs opposite, even pinnate, 2-4 cm long, slender, with a gland at the base of lowest pair of pinnae and between 1-2 extreme pairs on upper side; leaflets 30-60, opposite, sessile, stipels absent; lamina 4-10 x 1-2 mm, linear-oblong, base unequally truncate, apex obtuse, margin entire, glabrous, chartaceous, midrib subcentral, lateral nerves obscure. Flowers yellowish-white, 2 mm across, in axillary 1-3 clustered spikes shorter than leaves; calyx tube campanulate, 1 mm long, 5-lobed, glabrous; corolla three times as long as calyx, lobes linear-lanceolate, glabrous; stamens many, connate at base; ovary stipitate, falcate, upto 1.5 mm, glabrous; style filiform; stigma small, terminal. Fruit a pod, 5-10 x 1.5-2 cm, stipitate, flat, thin, glabrous, strongly nerved, obtuse at base, apically horned; suture wavy, depressed between seeds; seeds ca.6, ovoid, greenish-brown.

Flower
In axillary spikes; greenish-white. Flowering from April-August.

Fruit
A stipitate pod, flat, thin, strongly nerved, apically horned; seeds 6, ovoid. Fruiting September onwards.

Field tips
Bark rusty brown. Rachis sulcate with glands at the basal and the two upper most pinnae.

Leaf Arrangement
Alternate-spiral

Leaf Type
Bipinnate

Leaf Shape
Elliptic

Leaf Apex
Subacute

Leaf Base
Oblique

Leaf Margin
Entire

Medicinal Uses :

 

Uses similar to those of A. catechu heartwood extract.
The bark and leaves are used for ulcerated abscesses and toothache; wood for leucoderma.
EtOH (50%) extract—spermicidal and spasmolytic.

 

note: image courtesy to wikipedia commons 

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants