नीलपुष्पा अपराजिता- Clitoria ternatea

  • Name -अपराजिता

    Botanical name - Clitoria ternatea

     

     

    Description- A perennial, twining herb, with terete stems and branches. Leaves are imparipinnately compound and alternate with 5-7 leaflets. Blue or White coloured flowers in in axillary, Solitary, Corolla 5, Polypetalous and papillionaceous. Standard petal is much larger than the rest of the petals, erect, round and notched at the tip, wing petals are oblong, spreading, adnate to the keel petals, keel petals smaller than the wing petals and encurved, 10 stamens, long style, simple stigma. Fruits are the pods, straight, flattened sharpely beaked, sparsely appressedly hairy. Yellowish brown coloured and 6-10 seeds.

    Chemical Constituents- Plant contains kaempferol and its glucoside clitorin. Leaves contain a lactone aparajitin. Flowers contain acylmoieties, ternatins. Seeds contain gamma-sitosterol. Roots contain taraxerol. Defatted seeds contain a phenol glycoside, an alkaloid, ethyl alpha-D-galactopyranoside and p-hydroxycinnamic acid and polypeptide. Seeds contain hexacosanol, Beta-sitosterol and an anthoxanthin.

     

    Use - The roots are used as purgative and diuretic. Root and entire plant. Used as brain stimulent. It is a ingredient in many market preparations as a brain tonic ,also used in skin disorders. 

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants