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Averrhoa carambola Linn.

Averrhoa carambola.jpg


Family :- Oxalidaceae; Averrhoaceae.

Habitat :- Native to Malaysia;

cultivated throughout the warmerparts of India, especially in Kerala.

English :- Carambola, Star Fruit,

Chinese Gooseberry.

Ayurvedic :- Karmaranga.

Unani :- Khamraq, Karmal.

Siddha/Tamil :- Tamarattai.

Folk :- Kamarakh.

Action :- Root—antidote in poisoning.

Leaf and shoot—applied externally in ringworm, scabies,

chickenpox. Flower—vermicidal.

Fruit—laxative, antidysenteric, antiphlogistic, febrifuge, antiinflammatory, antispasmodic (used in hepatic colic, bleeding piles).

Seeds—galactogenic; in large doses act as an emmenagogue and cause


The fruits are a fairly good source

of iron but deficient in calcium. They also contain oxalic acid and potassium

oxalate. The presence of fluorine is also reported. A wide variation of vitamin-C content (1.22.5 mg/100 g) is recorded from different places in India.