Parent Category: Sanskrit Names of Medicinal Plants
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अश्वमारकः - Nerium indicum


Name - श्वॆतकरवीरः

Botanical name - Nerium indicum

Description - Erect woody shrubs or small trees. Leaves whorled, linear- lanceolate. Flowers red, white or sometimes yellow. Follicles nearly parallel

Chemical Constituents- Seeds contain stropeside, odorobioside A, B and H, digitalinum verum, odorobioside G, odorobioside K, anhydrodigitalinum verum, odorobioside D, odorotrioside K and odoroside G. Leaves contain cardenolide triosides gentiobiosyl nerigoside, gentiobiosyl beaumontoside, gentiobiosyl oleandrin, neriumol, nerifol, pregnane glucosides - neriaside and oleoside A, B, C, D, E, F. Extract of leaves contains flavonoid compounds, cardiotonic glucosides, rutin, principal cardiac glycoside glucooleandrin. Leaves contain deacetyloleandrin, adynerin, neriantin, neritaloside, urechitoxin. Leaves, flowers and bark contain neriin. Flowers contain rutin, quercetrin and quercetin. Seeds contain adigoside and 18 compounds. Bark contains scopoletin and scopolin, tannin, essential oil and fixed oil. Root contains glucoside, phenolic compounds and small amount of essential oil and resinous matter.

Use - The whole plant is poisonous. Roots are powerfully resolvent and attenuant used externally as a paste and in Venereal sores, skin diseases and leprosy.. Glucoside odorin causes paralysis and respiratory depression in rhodents. Roots resolvent and attenuant. Oil from root bark used in skin diseases of scaly nature.