कच्छकः - Cedrela toona


Name - तूणी

Botanical name - Cedrela toona

Description - Phytography : Tree, up to 25 m; branchlets tomentose; leaves even-pinnate, up to 25 x 12 cm, leaflets 5-12 pairs, subopposite, oblong-lanceolate, thin, coriaceous, glabrous, petiole up to 5 cm; panicles terminal or axillary, 25 x 10 cm, peduncle 2 cm, pedicel up to 2 mm; flowers pentamerous, bisexual, white; capsules septifragal, 3x1.5cm, 5-valved; seed 25-30, oblong, 2 cm, thin-winged at both ends.

Chemical Constituents- Chemical contents : Bark: toonacilin, p-seco-tetranortriterpenoid and its 6-acetoxy derivatives, 23-(R,S)- and 21-(R,S)-hydroxy toonacilids; Wood : alloaromadendrene, cadalene, cadinene, cadinol, calacorene, calamene, copaenecubenol, fernesene,ceranylgeraniol, leucicyanidin, ledol, siderin.T-murolol, cedrelone, p-sitosterol; Flower : flavone glucoside, nyctanthin, Seed : bargapten, p-sitosterol, cedrelone, and 1.2-dihydro-cedrelone

Use - Traditional use : RABHA (of West Bengal): Leaf : in bronchitis; SANTAL : Stem : in gastric troubles; GARHWALI : (i) Bark : in dysentery, fever, as antiseptic, (ii) Fruit: as antiseptic. RAJANIGHANTU : it is pungent, bitter, nutritive, has sweet aroma and spermatopoietic property; used in burning sensation, dyserasia, headache and leucoderma. AYURVBDA : (i) Bark : in purifying blood, dysuria, chronic dysentery, it is antiperiodic, astringent, tonic and as external application for ulcers, (ii) Flower: emmenagogue, useful in menstrual disorders

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants