कपीतनः - Albizzia lebbeck

 

Name - शिरीषः

Botanical name - Albizzia lebbeck

Description - Tall, erect, unarmed, deciduous tree, crown umbrella-shaped, bole usually 6.6-10.0 m, but in the Andamans, reaches up to 33 m, girth normally 2 m, while in the Andamans, it is up to 3 m; leaves bipinnate, leaflets 8-18, short-stalked, subcoriaceous, oblique, obtuse, rachis glabrous or downy, a large gland present near the base of petiole; heads round, many-flowered, short-peduncled, 3-4 together from crowded upper nodes; flowers small, fragrant, yellow or greenish yellow; pods strap- shaped, yellow-brown, firm, 15-30 cm by 2.0-3.7 cm; 6-to 10-seeded

Chemical Constituents- Root contains saponin, Beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol. Bark yields tannins of condensed type viz., D-catechin, isomers of leucocyanidin, melacicidin, neo-leuco-anthocyanidin, lebbecacidin, fridelin and Beta-sitosterol. Leaves contain alkaloids, kaempferol, quercetin, caffeic acid; mature leaves contain keto acids. Flowers give sweet smelling oil. Bark and seeds contain echinocystic acid and Beta-sitosterol. Pods contain a cyclic ester, lupeol, oleanolic acid, decosanoic acid, and Beta-sitosterol. Seeds contain triterpenic saponin lebbekanin A, lebbekanin E.

Use - NATIVES OF DIFFERENT PARTS IN INDIA: in the treatment of leprosy and syphilis; Root-powder: as anthelmintic; PEOPLE OF MAHARASHTRA : Leaf: as poultice for the treatment of rheumatic pain; TRIBES OFBIHAR : frequently use this drug for treatment of different kinds of skin affections; ; SANTAL AND MUNDA : for treatment of habitual constipation; PEOPLE OF BIHAR AND WEST BENGAL : for symptomatic treatment of snake bite. AGNI PURANA : antidote of poison available in root, bark, leaf, flower and fruit; BRAHMA PURANA : twigs good as tooth brush; MATSYA PURANA : for proper health care, one should consume this plant fortnightly along with Citrus medica, Ficus glomerata, Prosopis spicigera and ghee; AYURVEDA : Root: in hemicrania; Bark: bitter, cooling, alexiteric, anthelmintic, cures diseases of blood, leucoderma, itching, piles, skin diseases, erysipe-las, bronchitis, good in rat bite; Leaf: ophthalmia; Flower: in asthma, snake bite. UNANI : Root: astringent, prescribed for ophthalmia; Bark: anthelmintic, relieves tooth-ache, strengthens gums, used in leprosy, deafness, biles, scabies, syphilis, paralysis; Leaf: good in night blindness; Flower: aphrodisiac, emollient, maturant, smell useful in hemicrania; Seed: tonic to brain, used for gonorrhoea, tubercular gland; Oil: applied in leucoderma. Modern use : Root-bark: in powdered form used to strengthen gum; Bark and Seed: astringent, given in piles and diarrhoea, tonic, restorative; Leaf: in night blindedness

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants