कॆमुकम्  - Costus speciosus

 

Name - कॆमुकम्

Botanical name - Costus speciosus

Description - Succulent perennial herb with long leafy spirally twisted stems, 2-3 m high and horizontal rhizomes; leaves simple, spirally arranged, ob-lanceolate or oblong, glabrous above, silky pubescent beneath with broad leaf sheaths; flowers white, large, scented, in large terminal spikes; bracts bright red; fruits globose / ovoid capsules; seeds obovoid or semi-globose.

Chemical Constituents- Root contains aliphatic hydroxy ketones, diosgenin, triterpenes, starch, mucilage. Rhizome contains oxo acids, fatty acids, diosgenin, abscisic acid, saponins, corticosteroids. Rhizomes and stems contain tigogenin and diosgenin. Leaves contain alpha-amyrins, stearate, Beta-amyrin and lupeol. Seeds contain benzoquinones

Use - It is credited with purgative and tonic properties. The root is said to be purgative and is used in Uttar Pradesh as a tonic, antihelmintic and aphrodisiac. Root is also used in catarrh fever, cough, dyspepsia, worms, skin diseases and snakebites. This species is one of the indigenous sources for steroid synthesis; however, the percentage of diosgenin is lesser than in Dioscorea species. Alkaloids from rhizomes have been found to possess antispasmodic, cardiotonic, hydrocholeratic and diuretic activities; also depressant on central nervous system.

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants