कलायः  - Pisum sativum


Name - कलायः

Botanical name - Pisum sativum

Description - Tendrillar herbs. Leaves pinnate; stipules auricled. Flowers white, bluish or purple. Pod straight or curved.

Chemical Constituents- Leaf, petiole, tendril and stem contains kaempferol-3-triglucoside, quercetin-3-triglucoside and their p- coumaric acid esters. Pods contain proteins, oil, saponin pisatin, L-pipecolic acid, glycoside-Pisatoside. Seeds contain tocopherols, cerebroside. Roots contain cis trans- and trans- xanthotoxin.

Use - Pea oil used in preventing pregnancy, also showed reduction in number of spermatozoa Ayurveda : Sateena - Seed - Haemorrhage, contraceptive. Seeds are emollient and resolvent. It contains alkaloid trigonelline that is present also in fenugreek. The seed oil antagonises the effect of male sex hormone and causes sterility.

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants