कलिहारी  - Gloriosa superba

 

Name - कलिहारी

Botanical name - Gloriosa superba

Description - Gloriosa superba is a herbaceous, tall, glabrous, branching, tendril climber with underground solid, fleshy, white, cylindric, tuberous rhizomes; Stems annual, 10-12 ft long, given off from the angles of the young tubers, herbaceous. Leaves sessile or so, ternately whorled ovate-lanceolate, with acuminate tips prolonged into spiral tendrils. Showy flowers, Solitary or sub-corymbose, greenish at first, later becoming yellow and finally scarlet or crimson. Fruits are linear-oblong capsules with many rounded seeds

Chemical Constituents- Air dried rhizomes contain Beta-sitosterol and its glucoside, 2-hydroxy 6-methoxy benzoic acid. Flowers contain glucosides. Tuber and seeds contain colchicine, isoperlolyrine and related tropolane alkaloids. Young leaves contain chelidonic acid.

Use - Tubers regarded tonic, stomachic and anthelmintic; used as an abortifacient; externally used for neuralgic pains and skin troubles. Contains colchicine which is used in the treatment of gout, rheumatism -- used in skin disorders, oedema, non-bleeding piles and act as an analgesic.

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants