कृष्णजीरः  - Carum carvi

 

Name - कृष्णजीरः

Botanical name - Carum carvi

Description - Phytography : A biennial herb producing during the first season a cluster of bi- and tri-pinnate radical leaves; during the second year, there arises a slender stem bearing alternate, pinnate to bipinnate leaves, the terminal segments of which are quite narrow and pointed; these cauline leaves have large sheathing brown petioles; long-stalked compound umbel; flower's white, calyx teeth small, petals ovate and notched, stylopod conical; fruits oblong, laterally compressed, dark brown, cremocarps.

Chemical Constituents- Chemical contents : Leaf : flavonoids; Uruit: abscistc acid, herniarin, lipids, umbelliferone, scopoletin; Essential oil : carvone, menthone, pulegone, trans- & cis-carveol.

Use - Traditional use : Fruit: stomachic, carminative, lactagogue and occasionally used in flatulent colic; Caraway-oil: used to impart flavour to medicines and to correct their nauseating effects; Caraway water: useful remedy in flatulent colic of infants. UNAM : an ingredient for 'Zeera Siyah'. Modern use : Seed-extract : agglutinate human blood cells; Seed (alcoholic extract) : antispasmodic; Essential oil (from seed): antibacte-rial, antifungal.

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants