कुसुम्भं  - Carthamus tinctorius

 

Name - कुसुम्भं

Botanical name - Carthamus tinctorius

Description - An annual herb, 30-60 cm in height; leaves ovate, spiny, toothed; leafy bracted heads of tubular flowers, entire or broken, orange-red to brownish red tubular florets, up to 40 mm long when entire, consists of an oblong ovary with tubular corolla, style terminating in a bifid stigma.

Chemical Constituents- Buds, flowers, leaves and stems contain volatile oil which is a mixture of polyacetylenes; yellow and ivory white flowers contain carthamin, neocarthamin; ivory white flowers contain quercetin, kaempferol, kaempferol-3-rhamnoglucoside and kaempferol glycoside. Seed contains oil, phenolic amide serotobenine.

Use - Capitula laxative and diaphoretic, used in jaundice. Modern use : Flower: used in preparation of medicines for poliomyelitis, paralysis of brain and spine, other nerve disorders, heart diseases; Corolla-extract: effective in coronary occlusion in animals; Seed(50% EtOH extract): spasmolytic; Seed-oil: lowers blood cholesterol in human, increase plasma insulin

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants