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Parent Category: Sanskrit Names of Medicinal Plants
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कालॆयकः - Berberis aristata

 

Name - दार्वी

Botanical name - Berberis aristata

Description - A large thorny shrub; wood yellow; branches whitish grey. Leaves characteristic, fascicled in axils of branch simple spines, coriaceous, usually sharp-toothed, veins fine. Flowers yellow, in short bunches. Fruit ovoid, purple; seeds few. south India, the stems of Cosciniun fenestratum Colebr. of the family Menispermaceae are used

Chemical Constituents- The drug contains berberies alkaloids. It contains berberine upto 3.5 %, saponin, ceryl alcohol, sitosterol, hentri- acontane, palmitic acid, oleic acid, sitosterol, glucoside and resinous matter.

Use - Anti tubercular activity has also been attributed to this drug. It is useful in fevers, oriental sores, bleeding piles and ulcers. A dry extract is sold in the Indian market as Rasout. Bitter, tonic, stomachic and antiperiodic.YAJURVEDA : cleans bile-gland, removes any disease caused by bile disorder; CHARAKA SAMHITA : cures bleeding piles, itching caused by bile, pus in earholes, healing up of wounds; SHUSHRUTASAMHITA : Decoction of wood: anti-dote of snake poison, effective in gonorrhoea and eye troubles; BAGBHATTA : Extract of wood: useful in most types of common eye troubles, hydrocele and scrofula