गजभक्ष्या - Boswellia serrata


Name - शल्लकी

Botanical name - Boswellia serrata

Description - Balsamiferous tree, nearly 7 m high; bark reddish or grey, peeling off in flakes; leaves alternate or nearly opposite, petiolate, imparipinnate with opposite sessile leaflets, very variable in size, shape and degree of pubescence, deciduous; racemes axillary or terminal, shorter than leaves; flowers small, white; drupes trigonous, containing three 1-seeded pyrenes; seeds pendulous, compressed.

Chemical Constituents- It contains boswellic acid, libanoresene, arabic acid with calcium and magnesium, bassorin, bitter principle and essential oil with pinene, dipentene and phellandrene. Bark contains carbohydrates, glucosides and Beta-sitosterol. Leaves contain essential oil. Resin yields acids, diterpene alcohol serratol

Use - Bark used in diarrhoea and skin troubles. Gum considered expectorant, diuretic and stomachic, used in diarrhoea and dysentery, pulmonary affections and cutaneous troubles: Shallakee - Bark, resin - Cardiac diseases, haemorrhage, cough, dyspnoea, polyuria, leucorrhoea, oligospermia, skin disease.

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

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