गञ्जा - Cannabis sativa

 

Name - भङ्गा

Botanical name - Cannabis sativa

Description - Hemp is a tall annual herb, 1.2-4.8 m high with erect angular stem; leaves palmately divided; flowers greenish, dioecious, rarely monoecious, male flowers borne in long drooping panicles and female flowers in short axillary spikes; fruit ovate, seed-like achene.

Chemical Constituents- Plant contains Cannabiolic acid, cannabidiol, cannabinol, tetrahydrocannabinol, trans-cinnamic acid and n-nonacosane, eugenol, gaiacol cannabidivarotic acid (from Soviet variety), cannabinoids - cannabivarichromene, cannabicitran, cannabisativine, cannabitriol; cannabispiran, cannabinodiol, Beta-cannabispiranol, tetrahydrocannabivaninic acid, cannabidivaninic acid, cannabichromerarimic acid, cannabigerovarinic acid, cannabispirol, cannabichromanone, anhydrocannabisativine, canniprene, cannabicoumaronone. Roots contain cannabinoids. Fruits contain cannabisin A (lignanamide)

Use - Source of hemp fiber, and also of narcotines Bhang, Ganja, and Charas. Dried flowering tops of female plant used as a sedative, analgesic and narcotic. Bhang consists of the dried leaves; Ganja of the dried flowering and or fruiting tops of female plants from which no resin has been removed; and Charas consists of the resinous exudation collected from the leave. Modern use : Isolation of a sedative and antibacterial principle distinct from unknown constituents of hemp. Bactericidal effect observed on gram-positive microorganism up to a dilution of 1 :1,50,000.

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants