चन्दनम्  - Santalum album


Name - चन्दनम्

Botanical name - Santalum album

Description - Semi-parasitic medium-size tree; bark reddish or dark grey or black, rough, with deep vertical cracks. Leaves elliptic-ovate. Flowers greenish-yellow, in axillary and terminal panicles. Drupe globose, purplish-black.

Chemical Constituents- Bark contains tannins, fatty acids, waxy material. Heart-wood and root contain Sandal oil. Fruits and seeds contain fixed oil. Leaves contain wax, betulinic acid, Beta-sitosterol , glucose, fructose and sucrose. Oil contains ketosantalic acid, exo-norbicycloekasantalal. The oil contains about 90°/, of santanol, an aromatic alcohol

Use - The oil obtained from the heartwood of this tree is medicinal. The oil is used in treatment of dysuria, i.e. to promote and facilitate urination, cystitis (inflammation of bladder), in gonorrhea and cough. The drug is useful in tuberculosis of gall bladder. The wood, ground up with water into a paste, is applied on local inflammations, on forehead in fever, and on skin diseases. Oil from the seed is used on skin diseases. Wood and oil are diuretic, diaphoretic, refrigerant and expectorant

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

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