चॊकम् - Argemone mexicana


Name - कटुपर्णी

Botanical name - Argemone mexicana

Description - A prickly herb; ± 60-90 cm with yellow latex; leaves sinuate pinnatifid, green and white, naff amplexicaul; fknvers ± 50 mm in diameter, yellow, sepals cuspidate; capsules 20-38 mm long.

Chemical Constituents- Plant contains isoquinolone alkaloid oxyhydrastinine, corydine and isocorydine. Latex contains alkaloids berberine, protopine and many others. Roots contain alkaloid protopine, berberine, tannin and resin. Flowers contain isorhamnetin, isorhamnetin-3- glucoside andisorhamnetin 3,7-diglucoside. Stem contains tannin, resin, P-sitosterol. Seeds contain phenolic compounds argimexitin, fatty oil known as argemone oil. Oil contains 2 alkaloids sanguinarine and dihydrosanguinerine and fatty acids

Use - Yellow juice of the plant used in scabies and in opthalmia. Seed oil in cutaneous troubles. It is a cathartic and acts as laxative, expectorant, emetic. Poisonous in large doses. Juice is used in jaundice, dropsy and skin diseases. Prolonged use of seed oil causes symptoms resembling epidemic dropsy.

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

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