ज्यॊतिष्का - Celastrus paniculata


Name - ज्यॊतिष्मती

Botanical name - Celastrus paniculata

Description - Scandent shrubs with lenticellate branches. Leaves crenate-serrate. Rowers yellowish or greenish-white, in terminal panicles. Capsule sub-globose, yellow with scarlet fleshy aril enclosing the seeds.

Chemical Constituents- Plant contains sesquiterpene esters malkanguniol, malkangunin, celapanine, celapanigine, dibydroagarofuran sesquiterpenoids. Flowers contain dulcitol. Seeds contain alkaloid celastrine and paniculatine, glucoside and oil consisting of sesquiterpene polyol ester.

Use - Bark abortifacient. Seeds tonic and aphrodisiac; seed oil used as nerve stimulant and brain tonic; also used in rheumatic pains. The drug is bitter, laxative, emetic and stimulant. It is useful in gout, rheumatism, leprosy, paralysis, and fevers. Seed-oil: tranquilizing, sedative, useful in hysteria, vasoconstrictor and spasmolytic in rat's uterus; Resin (from seed-oil): lowers blood pressure in dogs.

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

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