धाना - Coriandrum sativum


Name - धान्यकम्

Botanical name - Coriandrum sativum

Description - Glabrous, aromatic, herbaceous annual, 30-90 cm high; leaves dicompound, lower ones long-petioled and upper ones short-petioled/subsessile, imparipinnatisect; flowers small, white/pinkish/purple in compound terminal umbels; fruits yellowish brown, globular and ribbed, separating into two halves containing a seed

Chemical Constituents- Plant contains furoisocoumarins coriandrin and dihydrocoriandrin. Seeds contain essential oil, fatty oil, coriandrol. Defatted seeds contain beta-sitosterol, D-mannitol and flavonoid glycosides. Seeds after removing essential oil yielded fatty acids

Use - Seed and plant Seed is used in food preparations extensively, plant is used as food. The drug is aromatic stimulant, carminative, diuretic, tonic, stomachic, anti-bilious, refrigerant and aphrodisiac. Medicinally seed is used to treat fever, biliousness, kidney disorders, eruptive fevers, burning, and in summer drink with milk. Fruit: aromatic, sweet, acrid, bitter, astringent, emollient, anti-inflammatory, thermogenic, stomachic, carminative, appetiser, digestive, diuretic, constipating, antipyretic, stimulant and beneficial in vitiated conditions of pitta, burning sensation, cough, bronchitis, vomiting, dyspepsia, colic, diarrhoea, dysentery, anorexia, dropsy, scrofula, chronic conjunctivitis, gout, rheumatism, giddiness, intermittent fever, etc.


Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

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