पट्टरञ्जकम् - Caesalpinia sappan



Name - पतङ्गम्

Botanical name - Caesalpinia sappan

Description - Small tree with small and few or no prickle; leaf pinnately compound, pinnae 8-12 pairs, leaflets close, sessile, oblong, oblique and falcate, 10-12 pairs; flowers yellow, racemes panicled; pods prominently beaked, polished, indehiscent; seeds 3-4.

Chemical Constituents- It is a powerful astringent. It contains a dye and essential oil. Heartwood: alpha-amyrin, amino acids, beta-sitosterol; , brasilin essential oil; Leaf: 0.6-25% essential oil, 5, a phellandrene as chief constituent; oscimine also present; Pod-cases and Bark: tannin.


Use - It is useful in atonic diarrhoea and Dysentery. It is given internally in skin diseases. Modern use : EtOH (50%) extract of stem : semen coagulant, anticancer; Heartwood (meoh extract): anti-inflammatory in rats; Essential oil from leaf: antimicrobial 

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants